The European Directive on the legal protection of biotechnological inventions1 requires member states to protect biotechnological inventions under national patent law and, if necessary, to adjust their national patent law to take account of its provisions2. Pursuant to the Directive inventions which are new, which involve an inventive step and which are susceptible of industrial application are patentable even if they concern a product consisting of or containing biological material3 or a process by means of which biological material is produced, processed or used4. The Directive has been fully implemented in United Kingdom law: the provisions concerned with the
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