597. Meaning of 'improvement' and controls on making improvements.

There is no precise statutory definition of 'improvement' and statutes using the word interpret it non-exhaustively by listing particular matters to be included in the meaning1. It has been judicially decided that 'improvement' in relation to land consists of the execution of works on the land which are something more than ordinary repairs and which, by implication, must give increased value to the land2.

In the present context, 'land' is to be taken to mean not only bare land but also any buildings, including any dwelling house.

All land, whether vested in absolute or limited owners or in trustees, is subject