57. Remuneration and liability of sub-agent.

The sub-agent, not as a rule being brought into contractual relationship with the principal1, must look to the agent for his remuneration and indemnity2. Thus, where an agent for the transport of goods without authority delegated his entire duties, it was held that the person performing them was not entitled to recover for his services against the principal3.

Similarly, as a general rule, a sub-agent is accountable only to the agent who employs him, and that agent in turn to his principal4, so that a sub-agent taking over the conduct of the principal's business is not liable to render an