71. Ratification by the Crown.

71.     Ratification by the Crown.

The ratification by the Crown of a purported exercise of sovereign power abroad against an alien by a public official in excess of his authority makes the act of such official an act of state in respect of which there is no legal remedy against either the official or the Crown1. However, the protection afforded by the Crown to those within the realm who owe allegiance (and who therefore could be guilty of acts of treason), means that such conduct committed against an alien2 resident in British territory, who is