14. How agency is created.

The relation of agency is created by the express or implied agreement of principal and agent1. The relation can also be created by ratification by the principal of the agent's acts done on his behalf2. Express agency is created where the principal, or some person authorised by him, expressly appoints the agent, whether by deed, by writing under hand, or orally3. Implied agency4 arises from the conduct or situation of the parties5, or by operation of law, for example from necessity