56. Classes of sub-agents.

There may be said to be three classes of sub-agents:

  1.  

    (1)     those employed without the authority, express or implied, of the principal, by whose acts the principal is not bound1;

  2.  

    (2)     those employed with the express or implied authority of the principal, but between whom and the principal there is no privity of contract2; and

  3.  

    (3)     those employed with the principal's authority, between whom and the principal there is privity of contract, and a direct relationship of principal and agent is, accordingly, established

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