152. Agent's act not expressly authorised by principal.

Where the act complained of is not expressly authorised by the principal, the principal is, while the agent is acting within the scope of his implied authority or within the scope of his apparent or ostensible authority1, jointly and severally responsible with the agent2, however improper3 or imperfect4 the manner in which the authority is carried out. It is immaterial that actual malice is an essential ingredient of the wrongful act5, that the wrongful act is also a crime