As the whole hypothesis upon which ratification is based is that the person ratifying is already in appearance the contractor1, the agent must not be purporting to act for himself, but must profess to be acting on behalf of a named or ascertainable principal, and one who is actually in existence at the time when the act subsequently ratified is done2.
A contract made by one professing to act on his own behalf, though at that time he has the undeclared intention of acting on behalf of another person, cannot be ratified by that other person so as to confer
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Company directors are not, by virtue only of their office as director, automatically entitled under company law to remuneration for services as a director or to reimbursement of expenses incurred in rendering such services. Power to pay directors remuneration for their services will need to be
This Practice Note considers the doctrine of forum non conveniens, also referred to as the appropriate forum or the proper place for a dispute to be determined. This doctrine is of relevance when determining whether the courts of England and Wales have jurisdiction to hear a dispute and is applied
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