| Commentary

126 Legislative background

| Commentary

126 Legislative background

The Copyright Act 1956 recognised the importance of collective licensing schemes and also the potential for abuse or unfairness in administering schemes which in effect amount to a monopoly. The Copyright Act 1956 therefore established the Performing Right Tribunal (‘PRT’)1, with jurisdiction over three types of licensing scheme2:

  1. 126.1

        the performance in public, broadcast and diffusion of literary, dramatic or musical works and adaptations of such works;

  2. 126.2

        the public performance and broadcast of sound recordings; and

  3. 126.3

        the public performance of television broadcasts.

The function of the PRT was to determine disputes

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