| Commentary

233 Confidential sources

| Commentary

233 Confidential sources

The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) has consistently held that press freedom is of particular importance and outlawed gagging by prior restraint or by forcing disclosure of confidential sources.

In a case against the United Kingdom, a journalist had been fined for failing to disclose the source of his information about a company’s financial report. The ECHR stated: ‘Protection of journalistic sources is one of the basic conditions for press freedom...without such protection the vital public-watchdog role of the press may be undermined...[T]he potentially chilling effect of an order of source disclosure is incompatible with Article

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