| Commentary

163 Private copying compensation

| Commentary

163 Private copying compensation

Private copying compensation (also known as private copying levies) is an important part of copyright and related rights infrastructure and is intended to provide compensation to rights owners for the private copying of their works. The Berne Convention permits signatory states to permit the reproduction of works in certain special cases, provided that such reproduction does not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work and does not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author1.

Although the unauthorised copying of copyright works is unlawful, and may also be illegal, in the pre-digital era it was impossible to monitor or restrict the private copying of copyright works and most jurisdictions have introduced provisions into their laws which permit copying for private use and study and various analogous or associated purposes, on the basis that it would be against the public

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