| Commentary

85.1 Introduction

| Commentary

85 The courts

85.1 Introduction

The establishment of the First-tier Tribunal (Charity) and the Upper Tribunal (Tax and Chancery Chamber) has led to a significant decrease in the number of charity matters, which was always small, which come before the High Court.

In general, the High Court has jurisdiction to enforce the observance of, or to redress breaches of, all trusts, whether charitable or private1, but the court cannot exercise its charitable jurisdiction if no trust is ascertained2. In the case of charitable trusts, the jurisdiction of the court extends not only to enforce such trusts3, but also in certain circumstances to

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