| Commentary

125 Formal requirements

| Commentary

125 Formal requirements

For a certificate to be valid, it must comply with any time limits1 or other formal requirements2 imposed by the contract3. Whether a particular document which satisfies those conditions is to be regarded as a certificate depends upon whether, on an objective view, it was intended to have that effect, or to use the conventional phrase, it was a certificate ‘in form, in substance or in intent’4. In the absence of contrary provision, an oral statement may take effect as a certificate5. However, a certificate is not valid until it is

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