18.3 European Union and other groupings

18.3 European Union and other groupings

The term ‘European Union’ is the latest label for the member countries1. Other labels have included the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Community (EC). There are currently 28 members. Following the 2016 referendum, the UK invoked TEU Article 50 in March 2017, beginning the process of leaving the EU; negotiations started in June 2017. Agreements that use any of these labels in a territory definition without additional wording must be interpreted as to which countries are included. A distinction exists between the full and associate membership as well as countries