Hack the Change – 48 hours advancing the rule of law

Hack the Change – 48 hours advancing the rule of law
Legal and tech worlds collided over the weekend (11-13 November) for our inaugural  “Rule of Law Hackathon” – bringing together lawyers, coders and human rights activists to find a solution to a big problem: Securing equal rights for LGBT* people globally.

This hackathon was enabled by LexisNexisUK and supported by Amazon Web Services. Over a 48-hour period, 40 hackers worked in five teams to tirelessly and creatively solve a crucial challenge with help from over 40 support staff. The event was kicked off by our Hack the Change Lead, Amy Carton setting up the Hackers for a life changing weekend, not only for them, but for the LGBT* community worldwide.

Amy Carton presenting to the hackers

The Challenge

The challenge was to plug the technology gap for the Human Dignity Trust, a charity which focusses on decriminalising homosexuality globally; to accelerate their success rate in defending LGBT* rights globally. Kapil Gupta & Richie Maitland (pictured below) from the Trust set out the full scope of the challenge for the hackers. LexisNexis UK flew in leading human rights activist Rosanna Flamer-Caldera of Equal Ground for the event, to gain her insights from the real world challenges in Sri Lanka. Also recognising that it is crucial to have support from activists like this in order for any solution to get traction in the real world.

Richie Maitland and Kapil Gupta presenting the challenge

Weekend Work

From 6pm on Friday to 6pm on Sunday, the hackers formed themselves into 5 teams and together ideated, refined, coded, tested and developed their solutions to this critical challenge. Armed with a mission, unlimited cloud services from AWS, unlimited legal help from Hogan Lovells, Osborne Clarke and Freshfields, 48-hour support from The Human Dignity Trust and LexisNexis, the teams hacked and hacked and hacked.  View some of the Twitter commentary here.

Capturing the weekend at Impact Hub Westminster

The Output

On Sunday evening, the teams each presented their solutions to the challenge. It was a frankly incredible effort and each solution is summarised below at a high level. The audience and the judges were blown away by the unique interpretations and solutions to the challenge presented by each team.

Team 1 – Fresh Innovation

The Freshfields web team presented a diverse team, consisting of lawyers and coders. They presented their solution by quickly explaining their process strategy of nano-scrums (something so edgy you can’t even Google it) and “thinking by design” (see our article on agile and design thinking for law firms). This allowed them to develop very fast prototypes in cycles.  The website is set up to cater for 4 different personas:

  1. Victims of LGBT* abuses
  2. Local activists
  3. Global activists
  4. Lawyers

The key features of the website include:

  • Responsive and available in 3 languages (using a Google API)
  • Website hosted on a secure container in the cloud (thanks AWS!) and the domain is generic
  • Uses generic wording to keep it discreet and places relevant content down the page which required scrolling (80% of website visitors don’t scroll down)
  • Victims can select “Report Incident” or click the CTA to bring up a simple anonymous form
  • They can upload documents: videos, PDFs, any sort of file. All files will be listed in a single repository on the backend
  • On the backend, activist and lawyers can view and download the files through a secure interface
  • Provides activists and lawyers with an ability to aggregate data and visualise where similar incidents are happening to identify possible trends
  • Security feature: content might be illegal in some countries, but users will be put into a "safe-mode", where if you are not active for as long as 12 seconds you are redirected you to a different but 100% legal website
Team 2 – The Pirates

The Pirates approached the issue of secrecy and confidentiality by disguising the reporting of LGBT* abuses through the facade of a T-shirt shop. This clever approach permitted victims to report their incident through coded language – different t-shirts means different types of incidents, the size equates to the severity, comments and notes can be left in the delivery notes. This is then reported on the backend with a view for activists, both local and global.

Team 3 – SecretLAIR

LAIR refers to “local advocate incident reporting”. This clever solution piggybacks off Wordpress and utilises Google Forms. It is essentially a Wordpress plugin and enables users to provided localised tools. To secure confidentiality, it will require a PIN which, once inputted, will take you to a secure reporting form. Further, there is an underlying security rationale of “security through obscurity” as about a quarter of all internet pages run on Wordpress.

Team 4 – The Enablers

This was the largest and most diverse team, consisting of a lawyer, a psychologist and coders and developers. They identified the priorities as:

  • personal safety
  • obtaining useful information to support advocacy groups; and
  • connecting users.

After considering disguising the app (similar to other teams), they took a different approach – a more general anti-violence app. This means it is easier to promote, simple to use and quite adaptable to different cultures. A central underlying rationale is that utilising a general anti-violence app should normalise the idea that “violence equals violence”. The website consists of only 3 pages with really clear messaging and a quick reporting tool. Here are some of the key features:

  • Users get access to one of 100 different phone numbers where they are prompted to leave a message in any language. The NGOs on the other end will deal with language issues
  • This takes the conversation offline as soon as possible and connects with NGOs as quickly as possible
  • Includes a help me – “panic button” which flags an alert with local NGOs
  • A quick close button on the website to help protect confidentiality and privacy
  • Backend system held on servers outside the target country
Team 5 -  Suitcase Hackers 

This team’s innovative approach to creating a covert app is to “hide in plain sight”. The idea is to piggyback inside Snapchat. All users need to do is install the Snapchat app, add ‘Par’ as a friend/account. Think of it as a modern free call number. NGOs will then receive raw data from users and can start to tag the data and view the incidents that users have uploaded.

The beauty of this approach was to harness the existing Snapchat infrastructure of confidentially transmitting data and deleting it, so it is never stored with users – only on the NGO side and through a secure AWS server.

 The Winners

The judges

Before the final decisions were announced, a number of spot prizes were awarded for various achievements, ranging from the funniest tweet of the weekend to the group which didn’t really sleep at all. The judges had the unenviable task for awarding a first and second prize. After careful deliberation, the judges were proud to announce the following:

2nd Prize – Team Fresh Innovate

1st Prize – The Suitcase Hackers

Further Resources

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About the author:
Mark is one of the Dispute Resolution blog’s technical editors. He qualified as a lawyer in Australia and worked in private practice before joining LexisNexis. In addition to contributing to the Dispute Resolution blog, he also writes for a number of LexisNexis blogs, including the Future of Law blog.