Rely on the most comprehensive, up-to-date legal content designed and curated by lawyers for lawyers
Work faster and smarter to improve your drafting productivity without increasing risk
Accelerate the creation and use of high quality and trusted legal documents and forms
Streamline how you manage your legal business with proven tools and processes
Manage risk and compliance in your organisation to reduce your risk profile
Stay up to date and informed with insights from our trusted experts, news and information sources
Access the best content in the industry, effortlessly — confident that your news is trustworthy and up to date.
Find up-to-date guidance on points of law and then easily pull up sources to support your advice with Lexis PSL
Check out our straightforward definitions of common legal terms.
Our trusted tax intelligence solutions, highly-regarded exam training and education materials help guide and tutor Tax professionals
Access our unrivalled global news content, business information and analytics solutions
Insurance, risk and compliance intelligence using big data, proprietary linking and advanced analytics.
A leading provider of software platforms for professional services firms
In-depth analysis, commentary and practical information to help you protect your business
LexisNexis Blogs shed light on topics affecting the legal profession and the issues you're facing
Legal professionals trust us to help navigate change. Find out how we help ensure they exceed expectations
Lex Chat is a LexisNexis current affairs podcast sharing insights on topics for the legal profession
Discuss the latest legal developments, ask questions, and share best practice with other LexisPSL subscribers
Lexis®PSL Corporate and Market Tracker has conducted research to examine the current trends in UK public M&A for the period 1 January 2020 to 31 March 2020.
Lexis®PSL Corporate and Market Tracker has conducted research to examine the current trends in respect of UK public M&A. Data for this report has been sourced from the Market Tracker transaction data analysis tool which allows users to access, analyse and compare the specific features of numerous corporate transactions. This is an update to our UK public M&A deals in 2019—Market Tracker Trend report in which we examined firm and possible offers announced in 2019.
For the purposes of this update we analysed the period between 1 January 2020 to 31 March 2020 (Q1 2020). While comparisons have been made to the corresponding period in 2019 (1 January 2019 to 31 March 2019) and with the preceding quarter (1 October 2019 to 31 December 2019), definitive conclusions can only be made on the completion of the full year trend report of 2020.
We reviewed a total of 19 transactions that were subject to the Takeover Code: eight firm offers (five for Main Market companies and three for AIM companies) and 11 possible offers, made up of seven possible offers (five for Main Market companies and two for AIM companies), three formal sale processes (FSP) (for three Main Market companies) and one strategic review (AIM company).
The percentages included in this report have been rounded up or down to whole numbers, as appropriate. Accordingly, the percentages may not in aggregate add up to 100%. Deal values have been rounded to the nearest million.
The final date for inclusion of developments in this report is 31 March 2020. Reference has been made to developments after this date if considered noteworthy.
Deal activity was significantly lower in Q1 2020 compared with previous quarters in 2019. While some of this drop in activity may be attributable to recent stock market volatility, deal activity was also down in the first two months of the year prior to the stock market crash in March. Key highlights of Q1 2020 include:
• eight firm offers (Q1 2019: 16 firm offers; Q4 2019: 17 firm offers)
• £2.4bn aggregate deal value (Q1 2019: £14.1bn; Q4 2019: £11bn)
• £297m average deal value (Q1 2019: £880m; Q4 2019: £646m)
• 75% of firm offers were public to private transactions
• 50% of firm offers made by US bidders and a further 25% involved UK and US joint bidders
There were eight firm offers announced in Q1 2020, which represents a decrease compared with Q1 2019 and Q4 2019 (16 firm offers and 17 firm offers). While some of this drop in activity may be attributable to recent stock market volatility, deal activity was low in the first two months of the year prior to the heavy sell-offs by investors in March. Indeed three of the eight firm offers (37.5%) were announced after the Black Monday 2020 stock market crash on 9 March.
Aggregate deal value was £2.4bn, which represents a significant decrease compared with Q1 2019 and Q4 2019 (£14.1bn and £11bn respectively). Average deal value was £300m (Q1 2019: £880m and Q4 2019: £646m) and there was only one transaction where the deal value exceeded £1bn. This was Freshwater Group’s offer for Daejan Holdings, which valued the entire issued share capital of Daejan at £1.3bn and the 20.5% free float shares not already held by the Freshwater Group and its concert parties at £270m. The second largest transaction was Anglo American’s £404m offer for Sirius Minerals.
Only one takeover in Q1 2020 was structured as an offer. This was Redmile Group’s £29m mandatory offer for Redx Pharma, which took place against the backdrop of a potential competing bid by Sam Waksal and associates.
The government’s ‘Stay at Home’ measures implemented in response to the coronavirus pandemic provide that public gatherings of more than two people are currently not permitted. On a scheme of arrangement, this presents legal and practical issues as companies are required to hold shareholder meetings to approve the scheme. The government has announced that it will be introducing legislation to ensure those companies required by law to hold AGMs will be able to do so safely, consistent with the restrictions on movement and gatherings introduced to address the spread of coronavirus. Companies will temporarily be extended greater flexibilities, including holding AGMs online or postponing the meetings.
It is not clear whether this impending legislation will extend to all shareholder meetings, but in the meantime an example of how companies are responding to these challenges is ii Group’s offer for Share where notices of the court meeting and general meeting to implement the scheme had been sent to shareholders before the introduction of the Stay at Home measures. Following the introduction of the measures, Share issued an announcement informing shareholders that they must not attend the scheme court meeting or the general meeting in person and encouraged them to submit their votes by electronic proxy (although written proxy votes would also be counted if submitted validly). For further details on the practicalities of holding shareholder meetings during the coronavirus crisis, see Practice Note: Coronavirus (COVID-19)—holding general meetings and AGMs.
There was one cash and shares offer in Q1 2020. The remaining seven firm offers were cash offers. Of the eight firm offers announced in Q1 2020:
• five were financed solely by existing cash resources (62.5%)
• one was financed solely by debt finance (12.5%)
• one was financed by a combination of an equity subscription and debt finance (12.5%)
• one was financed by a combination of existing cash resources and debt finance (12.5%)
These figures are similar to previous review periods.
There were no hostile offers in Q1 2020, but two companies were the subject of potential competing offers: NMC Health and Redx Pharma.
On 10 February 2020, NMC Health announced that it was in discussions with two separate bidders, KKR and GK Investment Group Holdings in relation to possible offers for the company. KKR withdrew its interest on 11 February and GK Investments issued a no intention to bid statement on 9 March.
Redmile Group’s mandatory offer for Redx Pharma took place against a background of a potential competing bid by Yesod Bio-Sciences, a newco backed by Sam Waksal and associates. Key developments included:
• 31 December 2019: Redx Pharma announces that it is in discussions with Yesod Bio-Sciences about a possible offer
• 28 February 2020: Redx announces that it has terminated discussions with Yesod
• 28 February 2020: Redx announces that Redmile has agreed to provide a short term loan of £5m and to subscribe for shares representing 6% of Redx’s enlarged issued share capital at an aggregate subscription price of £1.3m. It also announces that Redmile and Sofinnova Partners intend to commit further investment to the company, which is expected to take the form of a £20m convertible loan
• 13 March 2020: Redx announces that it has received a further private approach from Yesod about a possible offer
• 13 March 2020: Redmile announces it has acquired an additional 39.5% shareholding from Redx’s largest shareholder, Moulton Goodies, which triggers a mandatory offer. The Redmile offer is recommended by the Redx board
• 30 March 2020: Redx announces that the £5m short-term loan has been entered into with Redmile
Public M&A activity was not centred around one or two sectors, but across several industries. Firm offers were made for targets in the following sectors: Computing & IT (1), Financial Services (1), Media & Telecommunications (2), Mining Metals & Extraction (1), Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology (1), Property (1) and Retail & Wholesale Trade (1).
Public to private transactions continued to constitute a significant portion of deal activity in Q1 2020: of the eight firm offers announced in Q1 2020, six (75)% were public to private transactions. This compares with five P2P transactions in Q1 2019 and nine P2P transactions in Q4 2019, which accounted for 33% and 53% of firm offers during those periods.
Two of the P2P transactions in Q1 2020 involved individuals or family offices: Freshwater Group’s offer for Daejan Holdings (Freshwater Group is owned by the Freshwater family) and Brigadier Acquisition’s offer for Moss Bros (Brigadier is majority owned by Crew Clothing owner, Michael Shina).
Aggregate deal value of P2P transactions was £1.9bn (Q1 2019: £6.3bn, Q4 2019: £3.8bn) and average deal value was £323m (Q1 2019: £1.3bn, Q4 2019: £427m).
In our UK public M&A deals in 2019—Market Tracker Trend report we reported on increased shareholder activism on takeover transactions. An example of this trend continuing in Q1 2020 was Anglo American’s offer for Sirius Minerals, where shareholders such as Jupiter Asset Management and Odey Asset Management urged the Sirius board to seek better offer terms or to pursue alternative rescue plans. The Sirius board also held talks with Sharesoc, a group which represents individual investors, which had raised concerns about the transaction. Around half of Sirius’s shareholders (85,000) were retail investors, and the company required their support to approve the scheme.
Sirius and Anglo American did, however, receive support for the deal from proxy advisor firms, ISS and Glass Lewis, who agreed that if the transaction did not proceed, the company would most likely be insolvent by the end of March.
The scheme narrowly obtained the requisite majorities needed for its approval with approximately 20% of shareholders voting opposing the resolutions proposed at the court meeting and general meeting.
US bidders represented a significant portion of the firm offers announced in Q1 2020. Of the eight firm offers announced:
• four (50%) were made by US bidders
• two (25%) were made by UK bidders
• two (25%) were made by consortia of UK and US bidders
There were seven possible offers announced in Q1 2020 (excluding FSPs and strategic review announcements), but only one of these (Anglo American’s offer for Sirius Minerals) progressed to a firm offer during the review period. Two of the possible offers announced in Q1 2020 were ongoing during the review period, although one of these, Yesod Bio-Sciences’ possible offer for Redx Pharma, is unlikely to proceed given the developments on the competing offer by Redmile Group (see above). The remaining four possible offers terminated with the offerors announcing no intention to bid. This compares with 12 possible offers announced in Q1 2019 and six possible offers in Q4 2019.
In addition to the seven possible offers, there were three FSPs announced during the review period and one strategic review announcement, all of which were ongoing during the review period.
All but one of the possible offer announcements were made in January and February, before the severe declines in global stock markets that took place in March.
*This value is based on the entire issued share capital of the target. The 20.5% free float shares not already held by the Freshwater Group and its concert parties was valued at £270m.
**Infopro Digital Group is a Netherlands company, which is majority-owned by Towerbrook Capital Partners. Towerbrook is co-headquartered in New York and London.
***ii Group is registered in Guernsey and is majority owned by a fund managed by JC Flowers & Co.
****Brigadier Acquisition is majority owned by Regiment Acquisition which in turn is majority owned by Menoshi (Michael) Shina, who is described at Companies House as being UK resident. Brigadier is minority owned by Marquis Holdco, which in turn is owned by individuals described at Companies House as being US resident.
Free trials are only available to individuals based in the UK
* denotes a required field
0330 161 1234